Privacy Information Links
28 June 1999
This document lists several resource of interest to those wishing
to better understand issues related to "personal privacy" on the Web.
This is certainly not a complete list, but it does highlight some
resources I found useful in researching this topic for a paper
I presented at an Insight Information
Conference on June 29, 1999. I have organized the links into the
If you have any suggestions for additions to this list, or corrections
to offer, please send me mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- U.S. Information Agency Overview of Public Access Laws
- A useful overview of laws and regulations governing access to
government information. The focus is on US laws, but there is also
some discussion of Canadian Government regulations.
- The Privacy Page
Sponsored by EPIC (Electronic Privacy Information Center) this site
is a useful "news" broker on information related to privacy on the
- Electronic Frontier Foundation
- EFF, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, is a
non-profit, non-partisan organization working in the public
interest to protect fundamental civil liberties, including
privacy and freedom of expression, in the arena of computers
and the Internet. EFF was founded in 1990, and is based in
San Francisco, California, with offices in Washington, DC,
and New York City.
- Electronic Privacy Information Centre
- EPIC is a public interest research center in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values. EPIC is a project of the Fund for Constitutional Government. EPIC works in association with Privacy International, an international human rights group based in London, UK and is also a member of the Global Internet Liberty Campaign, the Internet Free Expression Alliance, the Internet Privacy Coalition, and the Trans Atlantic Consumer Dialogue (TACD).
- Privacy International
Privacy International is a human rights group formed in 1990 as a watchdog on surveillance by governments and corporations. PI is based in London, UK and has an office in Washington, D.C. PI has conducted campaigns in Europe, Asia and North America to counter abuses of privacy by way of information technology such as telephone tapping, ID card systems, video surveillance, data matching, police information systems, and medical records.
- Global Internet Liberty Campaign
The Global Internet Liberty Campaign was formed at the annual meeting of the Internet Society in Montreal. Members of the coalition include the American Civil Liberties Union, the Electronic Privacy Information Center, Human Rights Watch, the Internet Society, Privacy International, the Association des Utilisateurs d'Internet, and other civil liberties and human rights organizations.
- Internet Free Expression Alliance -- IFEA
- The name says it all -- the IFEA is a consortium of
organizations such as the American Booksellers Foundation for
Free Expression, the American Civil Liberties Union, and
the Electronic Frontier Foundation, devoted to preserving
the right of free speech on the Internet.
- Internet Privacy Coalition
The mission of the Internet Privacy Coalition is to promote privacy and security on the Internet through widespread public availability of strong encryption and the relaxation of export controls on cryptography.
- Better Business Bureau Online
- Better Business Bureau site contains a lot of information on
promoting trust and confidence on the Internet.
- TRUSTe is an independent, corporate-sponsored, non-profit privacy initiative dedicated to building users' trust and confidence on the Internet and accelerating growth of the Internet industry. We've developed a third-party oversight "seal" program that alleviates users' concerns about online privacy, while meeting the specific business needs of each of our licensed Web sites.
- The Privacy Commissioner of Canada
- Canadian Privacy Commissioner -- description of policies and
- Government of Canada Press Release: Bill C-54
8 October, 1998
- Government announcement of Bill C-54, with description of intent
of Bill, and basic components.
- Industry Canada Task Force on E-Commerce: Privacy Issues
General information pages outlining Federal government strategies for
ensuring protection of personal information
- Department of Justice of Canada, Privacy Act
- The federal Privacy Act already covers personal information held by the
federal public sector.
- Bill C-54: Full Text
- The complete text of the proposed Bill C-54.
- OECD Conference on Data Privacy
- Ministerial conference on electronic commerce, including privacy
issues. There is discusson here on the OECD policies for data privacy
and its relationship to e-commerce.
- ITAC (the Information Technology Association of Canada) Views on
Privacy and C-54
Papers from March 1999
ITAC is the voice of Canada's dynamic and rapidly growing information technology industry. Together with its partner organizations, ITAC represents more than 1,300 firms engaged in every sector of the computing and telecommunications industry.
- UofT Policy on Access to Information and Protection of Privacy
A description of the privacy policies and programs implemented at the
University of Toronto.
- Ontario Information and Privacy Commissioner
- This site has some useful articles that explain why a Web site should
- Uniform Electronic Evidence Act
- A product of the Uniform Law Conference of Canada; contains
proposals for rules by which business records are accepted or
rejected as evidence in court proceedings
- Online Privacy Protection Act of 1999
15 April 1999
- The full text of the proposed online privacy protection act. This has
not yet been ratified into law.
- Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998
- Full Text: http://tap.epn.org/cme/titlexi.html
Overview (1): http://www.cme.org/basic_rights.html
Overview (2): http://tap.epn.org/cme/coppa.html
On October 21, 1998, Congress passed the historic Children's Online Privacy Protection Act. For the first time Congress recognized the need to regulate marketing to children online. The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act authorizes the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to develop rules for regulating data collection on commercial Web sites targeted at children.
- I*M Europe - A European Commission Service
- A collection of resources on data protection and privacy protection
- Platform for Privacy Preferences: P3P
The World Wide Web consortium effort to develop a machine-readable
language for communicating information about privacy preferences
and privacy policies. This site has much information and links to
commercial projects in this area. In particular, the URL
lists a number of privacy related services. Some of these "infomediaries"
which store information regarding individuals for access by other
The preceding list of resources is certainly not complete. If you wish
to find more resources, I can recommend the following lists and sites:
- EPIC List of Privacy Related Sites
- An excellent list of useful online and print resources. Also lists
upcoming conferences and other events, in addition to software that
can be used to enhance personal privacy.
- Canadian Privacy Commissioner Links
- Many Canada-specific links, including those to provincial authorities.
Also includes links to many overseas privacy commisioner sites (Germany,
France, New Zealand, others)
- Ontario Privacy Commissioner Links
- Many links, including to analysis documents that helped develop
privacy policies for several commercial projects in Ontario